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Comparative Constitutional Chronicle. Croatia and France

Predsjednik Republike

Mimikrija Ustava Republike Hrvatske prema ustavnom modelu Francuske
Biljana Kostadinov
p. 63–77
Translation(s):
President of the Republic

Abstracts

The starting point for studying the Croatian constitutional democracy is the adoption of the Constitution of the Republic of Croatia on 22 December 1990. The said Constitution defines the system of government as semi-presidential and its authors state as their model the Constitution of the Fifth Republic. However, the importing, in 1990, of French constitutional provisions was not neutral since the original French constitutional text was stripped of institutional obstacles, constitutional institutions for opposing the will of the President of the Republic, constitutional-law conditions for the Prime Minister's primacy in the political system in case of co-habitation and discrepancies between the parliamentary and the presidential majority. The text was complemented by constitutional norms unknown to the original. French constitutional norms had to be put to good use, interpreted in line with and legally adapted to the desired political goal, i.e., the establishment of an effective state government in which the primacy of the President of the Republic would assert itself over both the Government and the legislature. The myth on the semi-presidential system was drawn on for both the adoption of the provisions regulating the organisation of government in the 1990 Constitution of the Republic of Croatia and their amendment in 2000.

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Excerpt

In open access from June 2018.

Outline

1 Šah-mat polupredsjedničkom sustavu
2 Denaturacija ustrojstva vlasti Pete Republike u Ustavu Republike Hrvatske (1990.)
3 Mimikrija Ustava Republike Hrvatske (1990.) prema francuskom uzoru
3.1 O odstupanju degolističke vladavine od Ustava Pete Republike (1958.)
3.2 O duhu Ustava Republike Francuske (1958.) i hrvatskoj ustavnoj mimikriji
4 Zaključak - O razorenom mitu o polupredsjedničkom sustavu

First lines

Ustav nije Demiurg, suprotno onom što konstitucionalisti ponekad imaju sklonost vjerovati, ne treba biti nestabilna i neizvjesna zrcalna površina društva u pokretu, suprotno onom što bi neki političari priželjkivali.
(Bertrand Mathieu
)

1 Šah-mat polupredsjedničkom sustavu

Polazna točka izučavanja hrvatske ustavne demokracije donošenje je Ustava Republike Hrvatske od 22. prosinca 1990. godine. Konačnu redakciju teksta Prijedloga Ustava Republike Hrvatske (1990.) obavila je „Redakcijska skupina“ u sastavu Smiljko Sokol, Zdravko Tomac i Vladimir Šeks. Oblik ustrojstva vlasti Ustava Republike Hrvatske (1990) određen je kao polupredsjednički sustav u prvom udžbeniku ustavnog prava u demokratskoj hrvatskoj državi. Moramo se zapitati nije li je mit o polupredsjedničkom sustavu, oružje svih novatora i reformatora hrvatskog ustavnog sustava, u osnovi, namjerno ili ne, izjednačen s mistifikacijom ili obmanom? Ako mistifikacija postoji danas, sastoji se u korištenju dvojbenog politološkog koncept...

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References

Bibliographical reference

Biljana Kostadinov, « Predsjednik Republike  », Revus, 28 | 2016, 63–77.

Electronic reference

Biljana Kostadinov, « Predsjednik Republike  », Revus [Online], 28 | 2016, Online since 10 June 2018, connection on 30 April 2017. URL : http://revus.revues.org/3491 ; DOI : 10.4000/revus.3491

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About the author

Biljana Kostadinov

Redoviti profesor, Pravni fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu

Biljana Kostadinov
Faculty of Law of the University of Zagreb
Trg maršala Tita 14
10000 Zagreb
Croatia

E-mail: biljana.kostadinov@pravo.hr

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